Introduction to Human Migration

Introduction to Human Migration

Posted by Manisha on March 04, 2020

In this century migration has become the most important factor for the population. It affects a country’s Economy, Culture and Resources.

According to the United Nations (U.N) at the beginning of the 21st century, 1.2 Billion people migrated from their native country to another country, out of which 150 million people were refugees, and the number is growing every year.

What is Migration?

Movement of people (population) from one place to another and getting settled over that place is known as migration. For Migration, change of Place and Home is mandatory.

After Birth Rate and Death Rate, Migration is 3rd most affecting factor to population.

Aspects of Migration


  • Space Aspect
  • Time Aspect
  • Cause Aspect
  • Number Aspect
  • Stability Aspect


Types of Migration


Types of Migration can be classified on various Factors, like time, country, distance and direction, social composition, motivational factor e.t.c.

Push and Pull Factors of Migration

Push Factor: These are the factors that force people to migrate from one place to another in search of a good lifestyle, education, occupation, medicine, transport facilities e.t.c

Ex: Migration from small towns to big cities.

Pull Factor: These are the factors that attract people towards that place.

Socio-Cultural Causes

  • Marriages
  • Proselytism
  • Division on the Basis of Cast and color
  • Attachment for Native Place


Political Causes

  • Invasion
  • Conquest
  • Colonization
  • Forced Migration


Demographic Causes

  • Migration of young minds in search of the best facilities and adventure in life
  • Uneven distribution of the population
  • Availability of Resources
  • Lack of Human Resources